Open Access is the process of making academic research freely available online.
"free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself." http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/read
Openness and sharing of research enables researchers to get noticed and have their work disseminated globally. Open Access can ultimately lead to the research achieving meaningful impact on society.
There are two primary ways to publish a paper as open access; Green Open Access and Gold Open Access
Green Open Access, sometimes called self archiving, is achieved by posting the article preprint or postprint into an institutional or subject repository, usually after an embargo period, with no payment of costs.
|the fee that is paid to the publisher by the author, their employer or their funder to allow immediate (gold) Open Access|
|Creative Commons Licence||a system of licensing that allows copyright owners to specify different levels of rights protection for their work|
|Double dipping||an institution pays twice for a Open Access journal article; firstly through the institutional subscription and secondly the APC if an author wishes to make their particular article open access|
|Embargo period||the length of time before a publisher will permit the posting of the postprint of an article into an Open Access repository. See Sherpa/Romeo for more details of embargo dates for individual journals|
|an Open Access archive, organised and maintained by a higher education institution, giving access to the research outputs of staff within that institution. UDORA is the institutional repository at Derby.|
|Post Print||or accepted manuscript. The version of the paper which has been through peer review and has been accepted for publication. See Sherpa/Romeo for details of which version of the article you are able to upload for a particular journal/publisher|
|or author original/author version. The version of the paper as submitted to a journal for peer review. See Sherpa/Romeo for details of which version of the article you are able to upload for a particular journal/publisher|