Below you will find the basic rules you will need to reference in OSCOLA. If you would like to reference something more specific, you can click here to access Cite Them Right.
When using OSCOLA, you reference in the footnotes, instead of using in-text citations.
OSCOLA Referencing Rules
Cases with a neutral citation
Any case heard after 2001 has a neutral citation. Neutral citations were made to make cases easier to find, meaning the reference needs slightly more information than pre-2001 cases.
To reference a case with a neutral citation, follow this order:
R v Kennedy  UKHL 38,  AC 269
Cases without a neutral citation
Cases heard before 2001 did not have neutral citations. Referencing cases without a neutral citation takes a slightly different form:
Tuberville v Savage  WLUK 1
Nettleship v Weston  2 QB 691
When quoting from a judgement in a case you reference the case as either a case with a neutral citation or a case without a neutral citation and add on the following:
Chester v Afshar  UKHL 41,  AC 134, 143 (Lord Hope).
Batchelor v Marlow  EWCA Civ 1051,  WLR 764, 768 (Tuckey LJ).
OSCOLA recommends that when citing an Act of Parliament that you should use the short title rather than the full title of the Act.
To quote a whole Act of Parliament you need to reference:
To quote a particular section or subsection of the act, reference:
Law of Property Act 1925, s1(1)(a).
Consumer Protection Act 1987, s3(1).
Ian Loveland, Constitutional Law, Administrative Law and Human Rights. A critical introduction. (7th edn, Oxford University Press 2015).
Jonathan Herring, Medical Law and Ethics (6th edn, Oxford University Press 2016).
If quoting or paraphrasing a journal then add the following:
Sandra Booysen, ‘Consumer Protection and the Court’s Role in Shaping the Bank-Customer Contract’ (2019) 135 LQR 437, 457.
William Norris QC and Quintin Fraser, ‘Occupiers’ Liability: Issues Arising in Recent Case Law’ (2015) 2 JPIL 71, 77.